INTRODUCTION-2

 

2.1.ವಾಕ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ರಿಯಾಪದ ಬಹಳ ಮುಖ್ಯ..

ವಾಕ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ
ವಾಕ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ
ಕ್ರಿಯಾಪದ
ಕ್ರಿಯಾಪದ
ಬಹಳ ಬಹಳ ಮುಖ್ಯ. ಮುಖ್ಯವಾಗಿದೆ.
in a sentence the verb very important (is)

The Verb is very important in a sentence.

Note: It is quite normal to leave out the Verbs, ‘is’ and ‘are’ in modern Kannada both in reading and writing. Of course, it is used in formal writing. You shall learn them later through examples.

 

2.2. ಬೇರೆ ಬೇರೆ ವಾಕ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ರಿಯಾಪದದಲ್ಲಿ ಆಗುವ ಬದಲಾವಣೆಗಳನ್ನು ಅವಲೋಕಿಸಿರಿ.

 ಬೇರೆ ಬೇರೆ ವಾಕ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕ್ರಿಯಾಪದದಲ್ಲಿ
different sentences+in the verb+in
ಆಗುವ ಬದಲಾವಣೆಗಳನ್ನು ಅವಲೋಕಿಸಿರಿ
taking place changes observe

Observe the changes in the Verb in different sentences.

Note: In translation, you can see, in many cases, that one word of Kannada stands for two or more words of English. This is especially because the Preposition  invariably forms part of the Noun. The word ಒಂದು as a separate word as equivalent to the Article ‘a’ or ‘the’ is used only when needed. Often ‘the’ and the Preposition together get fused to the Noun. The Preposition also takes different forms according to the Number and Gender of the Noun. Note that this is the most striking difference between English and most of the Indian languages.

 

2.3. ಇಂದಿರಾ: ಮೇರಿ, ನಿನ್ನ ಕೊಡೆ ಎಲ್ಲಿದೆ?

ಇಂದಿರಾ: ಮೇರಿ, ನಿನ್ನ ಕೊಡೆ ಎಲ್ಲಿದೆ?
Indira: Mary, your umbrella where+is?

Indira: Mary, Where is your umbrella?

 

2.4 ಮೇರಿ: ನನ್ನ ಕೋಣೆಯಲ್ಲಿದೆ.

ಮೇರಿ: ನನ್ನ ಕೋಣೆಯಲ್ಲಿದೆ.
Mary: my room in+is (it)

It’s in my room.

 

2.5. ಇಂದಿರಾ: ನನ್ನ ಡಿಕ್ಷ್ನರಿ ಎಲ್ಲಿಟ್ಟಿದ್ದಿ?

ಇಂದಿರಾ: ನನ್ನ ಡಿಕ್ಷ್ನರಿ ಎಲ್ಲಿಟ್ಟಿದ್ದಿ?
Indira: my dictionary where+kept (you) ?

Indira: Where have you kept my dictionary?

 

2.6. ಮೇರಿ: ನಿನ್ನ ಮೇಜಿನ ಮೇಲೆ ಇಟ್ಟಿದ್ದೇನೆ.

ಮೇರಿ: ನಿನ್ನ ಮೇಜಿನ ಮೇಲೆ ಇಟ್ಟಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Mary: Mary: Your  (of ) table on kept ( I )

Mary: I’ve kept it on your table.

 

2.7. ಇಂದಿರಾ: ನಿನ್ನ ಅಪ್ಪ ಎಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ?

ಇಂದಿರಾ: ನಿನ್ನ ಅಪ್ಪ ಎಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ?
Indira: your father where+is?

Where is your father?

 

2.8. ಮೇರಿ: ಅಮೆರಿಕದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ.

ಮೇರಿ: ಅಮೆರಿಕದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
Mary: Amrica+in+is (my father)
ಪೂರ್ಣ ರೂಪ: ನನ್ನ ಅಪ್ಪ
Full form: my father
ಅಮೆರಿಕದಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಇದ್ದಾರೆ. (ಅಮೆರಿಕದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ)
Amrica+in+is (my father)

My father is in America.

Note: The examples given in the sentences above are sufficient to show how  Prepositions, Pronouns and other Parts of Speech form a part of the Noun. So the best way of learning them is only by practice. Listen well and repeat.  Identify the sounds with the written letters. Gradually, you will be able to read.

Don’t be in a hurry to learn writing. Writing is the last stage of learning a language. It can be done when need arises. Grammar does not have to be learnt as a seperate subject at the earlier stages of learning a language.  When you learn a language by listening and repeating, your sentences will naturally be grammatical. You will have to study grammar separately in order to correct yourself in speech and writing, especially when you do so on your own. More serious study of grammar is of use after you have gained a passable command of language.